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Glossary

 

W

Warp
Vertical strands of fiber which stretch from the top to the bottom of the rug and knots are tied to them.

Weave
The technique used in weaving. There are two major weaving techniques: Pile Weave and Flat Weave.

Weft
Horizontal strands of fiber that are woven through the warps. They are added before and in between the rows of knots to secure the knots in place.

Weld
A European plant (Reseda luteola) with long spikes of small, yellowish-green flowers. A yellow dye is derived from the stalks, leaves, and flowers. This plant is also called Dyer's Rocket.

Workshop
A sophisticated setting where weavers work as employees, and very skillful weavers can eventually become master weavers and receive widespread recognition and financial rewards. Workshops are far more sophisticated than nomadic tents or village settings. They have more sophisticated tools such as large permanent vertical looms and use a large variety of dyes. Also, rug weavers usually work from a cartoon (a drawing laid out on squared paper) or work under the supervision of a master weaver who calls out both the weaving and the color of each knot. As a result of this sophistication, workshop items are technically very exact and can be produced in variety of sizes including very large sizes.

Worn
A worn rug is a rug which may have discoloration, fading, insect or foundation damage. However, rugs with no damage and only extensive pile wear are also considered worn. Worn rugs, even though are worn, should not be dismissed because similar to fine and average rugs, they can still have a very good resale value. Some are even considered valuable antiques.

Wool
The coat of sheep. Wool is the most frequently used pile material in handmade rugs.

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