Tibet is part of China, and it is located in southwest of China. It is bordered on the south by Nepal, Bhutan and Burma, and on the west by India. There is evidence of commercial rug production in Tibet from the late eighteenth century. Recently, rugs have been customized in Tibet and woven using traditional techniques and designs and vegetable dyes in a way similar to DOBAG of Turkey (a Turkish acronym meaning Natural Dye Research and Development Project).
In Tibet, a distinctive rug-weaving technique is used. A temporary rod which establishes the length of pile is put in front of the warp . A continuous yarn is looped around two warps and then once around the rod. When a row of loops is finished, then the loops are cut to construct the knots.
The Persian name for medallion, the centerpiece in a medallion layout.
A motif consisting of a tree with a trunk, branches and leaves which covers the whole rug. The tree could be very realistic or so abstract that it may not resemble a tree. Also, this motif is generally one-sided.
Tunisia is located in North Africa. The capital of Tunisia is Tunis. Tunisia gained its dependence from France in 1956. Rugs from Tunisia have not reached the western market yet. They are mostly woven for local use or sold in bazaars to tourists.
Turkmenistan is located in Central Asia. Turkmenistan gained its independence from the ex-Soviet Union in 1991. The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashgabad. The rugs from this country are known as Turkoman.
Turkey is located in Southwest Asia. The capital of Turkey is Ankara. The earliest Turkish handmade rugs date from the thirteenth century. Many examples of Anatolian rugs can be seen in European paintings from 1350 to 1450. Rugs have been woven in Turkey for at least as long as they have been in Persia. Even though Turkey does not export nearly as many rugs as Iran, India or China, it is still considered a large exporter of handmade rugs. Market sizing data from the exporting countries is difficult to obtain, as some of the countries may not track the data or disclose it. Nevertheless, from foreign embassies, industry specialists, and magazine articles, the 1998 rug export estimate for Turkey is 150 million dollars.
Turkish, Symmetrical, or Ghiordes Knot
The Symmetrical knot is used in Turkey, the Caucasus and Iran by Turkish and Kurdish tribes. It is also used in some European rugs. To form this knot, a small piece of yarn is passed over two neighboring warp strands. Each end of the yarn is then passed behind one warp and brought back to the surface in the middle of the two warps.
A widely cultivated tropical plant of India (Curcuma tinctoria) with yellow flowers and an aromatic root. It is used as a spice and yellow dye.