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Glossary

 

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Pakistan
Pakistan is located in South Asia. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. As with India, the art of rug weaving in Pakistan began during the reign of Akbar Shah, in the sixteenth century. At the present time, Pakistan produces handmade rugs specifically for exportation. It is the fourth largest exporter of rugs in the world. Market sizing data from the exporting countries is difficult to obtain, as some of the countries may not track the data or disclose it. Nevertheless, from foreign embassies, industry specialists, and magazine articles, the 1998 rug export estimate for Pakistan is 250 million dollars.

Pardeh (Persian)
A rug size of approximately 5x8 ft or 5.5x9 ft. The Turkoman name is Enssi. Enssi is a rug used in place of a door or curtain in a Turkoman tent. Pardeh also means curtain in Persian.

Pattern
The way lines are used to form shapes on a rug. In the rug industry, pattern is divided into the three categories of Curvilinear, Geometric, and Pictorial.

Pendants
Small floral extensions at the top and bottom of the medallion (centerpiece) in a medallion layout.

Persian, Asymmetrical, or Senneh Knot
The Asymmetrical knot is used in Iran, India, Turkey, Egypt and China. To form this knot, a small piece of yarn is passed under and over one warp strand, and then passed under the neighboring warp strand and brought back to the surface. With this type of knot a finer weave can be created.

Pictorial
A pattern portraying people and animals.

Pile
The material (fiber) used for weaving rugs. The main pile materials are wool, silk and cotton.

Pile Weave
Pile weave or knotted weave refers to the method of weaving used in most rugs. In this technique the rug is woven by creation of knots.

Prayer Rug
One directional rectangular rugs of approximately 3.5x5.5 ft. Prayer rugs historically have been woven for Muslims to pray on. They still serve this purpose, and are also used as regular rugs. The usual design of a prayer rug is a mihrab (the prayer niche constructed in a mosque wall that indicates the direction of Mecca).
Programmed Handmade Rugs 
Programmed or continuity rugs are handmade pile rugs of popular classic Persian or other traditional designs, which are woven in a variety of shapes, color combinations and sizes in workshops. This great innovation has allowed customers to buy handmade rugs in the design of their choice in their desired shape, color combination and size rather than what is available. From the construction point of view, programmed rugs are of the same quality as one-of-a-kind rugs, and they require the same amount of hard work and time to weave.

These rugs were an innovation which was developed about twenty years ago (a very modern innovation relative to the long history of handmade rugs) in response to our modern lifestyle. Historically, in the East, handmade rugs were the only form of furniture. People sat on them, ate on them and slept on them, so there was no need to match a rug to any furniture, and in Europe, handmade rugs were luxury items mostly custom-made to fit the size of a certain room and match its furniture. However, today Western furniture is popular all over the world, and handmade rugs are no longer custom-made for an elite group. Today, most people, whether in the East or West, want to purchase a rug that will fit the size of a particular room and match their existing furniture. In order to respond to these modern needs, programmed rugs were invented. Because their design is not one-of-a-kind, they are generally more affordable, but again, as explained in Style, rugs of the same region often have similar designs, colors and construction. Therefore, even two one-of-a-kind rugs could be very similar.

If one is looking for a collectible antique or semi-antique rug, then programmed rugs are not for them. However, if searching for a quality decorative rug at a relatively lower price that would perfectly match one's furniture and fit in particular room, then programmed rugs are a great option. Also, with programmed rugs, one can find matching sets in different sizes and shapes.

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