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Glossary

 

L

Lachak (Turkoman)
The four corner elements in a medallion and corner layout.

Lachak-o-toranj
A Turko-persian word meaning medallion-and-corner. Medallion-and-corner refers to a special medallion layout with quartered medallions in four corners of the rug in addition to the full medallion in the center.

Lapis Lazuli
An opaque to translucent blue, violet-blue, or greenish-blue semiprecious gemstone composed mainly of lazurite and calcite, sometimes used as a source of blue dye.

Lattice
A design used in an all-over layout. Lattices consist of ogives (an arch or two connected arches enclosing a space), diamonds, hexagons, octagons, or rectangles with usually some floral motif inside them. In classic Persian rugs, lattices are curvilinear and consist of ogives. The new versions are more geometric and consist of diamonds and hexagons.

Layout
The overall arrangement of motifs or objects woven into a rug.

Limestone
A common sedimentary rock consisting mostly of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), used as a building stone and in the manufacturing of lime, carbon dioxide, and cement.

Lotto
A design which appears on rugs in the paintings of Lorenzo Lotto, a sixteenth-century Venetian painter. Rugs with this design were woven from the early sixteenth until the eighteenth century and are usually seen in Ushak rugs from Turkey. Typically, they have a red field with all-over yellow branching lines or arabesque design (intertwining or scrolling branches) and sometimes a Kufi border (some form of Arabic script).

Lozenge
A diamond-like shape.

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