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Glossary

 

K

Kalaleh
Some medallion centerpieces have two small floral extensions on the top and bottom called pendants. Each pendant has two parts. Kalaleh is the Persian name for the part of the pendant further away from the medallion.

Katibeh
Some medallion centerpieces have two small floral extensions on the top and bottom called pendants. Each pendant has two parts. Katibeh is the Persian name for the part of the pendant closer to the medallion.

Kelim
The most well known group of flat-woven rugs. No knots are used in creating kelims. Simply, the weft strands are woven (passed) through the warp strands.

Kellegi (Persian)
A runner of about 4 to 6 feet wide with a length of about two to three times its width. Kellegi was part of a four-piece set of rugs, which their production came to an end about 60 years ago. The four pieces were only made in Iran and were sold as sets. A complete set can rarely be found now. Many Persian living rooms were covered with these traditional sets, which included one main piece, Mianfarsh or middle carpet, of approximately 6 to 8 feet wide and 16 to 20 feet long. At the head of the room, Kellegi was placed. On each side of the middle rug, two very narrow and long runners, called Kenareh were placed. Kenareh measured between 2.5 to 5 feet wide and anywhere between 5 to 40 feet long. Food was placed on a cloth on the middle rug. The elderly and the host would sit on the headpiece, and everyone else would sit on the two side rugs.

Kenareh (Persian)
A very narrow and long runner of between 2.5 to 5 feet wide and anywhere between 5 to 40 feet long. Kenareh was part of a four-piece set of rugs, which their production came to an end about 60 years ago. These sets were only made in Iran and were sold as sets. A complete set can rarely be found now. Many Persian living rooms were covered with these traditional sets, which included one main piece, Mianfarsh or middle carpet, of approximately 6 to 8 feet wide and 16 to 20 feet long. At the head of the room, a runner called Kellegi, was placed. Kellegi measured between 4 to 6 feet wide with a length of about two to three times its width. On each side of the middle rug, two Kenareh rugs were placed. Food was placed on a cloth on the middle rug. The elderly and the host would sit on the headpiece, and everyone else would sit on the two side rugs.

Knot
Pile-woven or knotted rugs are created by knots. The two predominant types of knots are Asymmetrical and Symmetrical.

Knot Density
Knot density refers to the overall number of knots used in creation of a handmade rug. Knot density is measured in the Imperial System in square inch and in the Metric System in square decimeter.

Koran, Quran
The holy book of Muslims.

Kork
Fine wool taken from the belly of sheep.

Kufesque, Kufic
A border design originating from an Arabic script.

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