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Glossary

 

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Indigo
Any of various shrubs or herbs of the genus Indigofera in the pea family with odd-pinnate leaves and usually red or purple flowers. A yellow juice from the plant oxidizes to blue when exposed to air. Indigo was chemically synthesized in 1880.

India
India is located in South Asia. The capital of India is New Delhi. Rug weaving was introduced to India during the sixteenth century at the time of the Moghul Emperor Akbar. Currently, India is one of the largest producers of handmade rugs. Market sizing data from the exporting countries is difficult to obtain, as some of the countries may not track the data or disclose it. Nevertheless, from foreign embassies, industry specialists, and magazine articles, the 1998 rug export estimate for India is 500 million dollars. India only produces handmade rugs for the sole purpose of exportation.

Indo-Esfahan
A rug made in India in Esfahan style.

Iran
Iran is located in Southwestern Asia. The capital of Iran is Tehran. Until the 1930s Iran was known abroad as Persia. It is estimated that Iran produces approximately three-quarters of all the handmade rugs in the world. Market sizing data from the exporting countries is difficult to obtain as some of the countries may not track the data or disclose it. Nevertheless, from foreign embassies, industry specialists, and magazine articles, the 1998 rug export estimate for Iran is 800 million dollars. Iran also produces a large number of rugs for its local market. Traditionally, Iranians have purchased rugs as investments.

Ireland
Ireland is located in Northern Europe. The capital of Ireland is Dublin. Ireland gained its independence from the British Empire in 1921. Ireland is one of few European countries which still has a rug-weaving industry.

Islimi
A motif based on arabesque forms (intertwining leaves, stems, vines and blossoms).

Islimi Medallion-and-Corner 
The field of this design is covered with a motif called islimi which is based on arabesque forms (intertwining leaves, stems, vines and blossoms). Often the islimi motif is used in conjunction with the shah abbasi motif in which case the design could be called shah abbasi and islimi medallion-and-corner; the shah abbasi motif can be part of the medallion and also be seen in the field and the border.

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