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Glossary

 

C

Cartoon
A detailed drawing on squared paper, which directs the weavers with color selection for each knot.

Casablanca
The largest city and main harbor of Morocco located on the Atlantic coast.

Catechu Dye, Cutch
A spiny Asian tree (Acacia catechu) also called Betel Palm with spikes of yellow flowers, and dark heartwood. Tannins and brown dyes are derived from the heartwood of this plant. Catechu dye was used in rugs of India.

Category
The different settings in which handmade rugs are produced. Handmade rugs are generally woven in the settings of Nomadic, Village, Workshop or Master workshop.

Centimeter
A unit of length. Every meter is equal to 100 centimeters and every inch is equal to 2.52 centimeters. Meters and centimeters are used in all countries for measuring length and width of rugs with the exception of the U.S. and England.

China
China is located in East Asia. The capital of china is Beijing. Chinese, Persian and French Aubusson designs are produced in Chinese workshops. China is one of the largest exporters of handmade rugs in the world. Market sizing data from the exporting countries is difficult to obtain, as some of the countries may not track the data or disclose it. Nevertheless, from foreign embassies, industry specialists, and magazine articles, the 1998 rug export estimate for China and Nepal is 500 million dollars. China mainly produces rugs for exportation and not for its local market.

Chrome Dyes
Synthetic chrome dyes were developed in the years between the First and Second World Wars for dyeing weaving yarns. Chrome dyes are colorfast (any dye that retains its intensity despite exposure to light and washing), and are produced in an infinite variety of attractive colors and shades.

Cinnabar
A heavy reddish mercuric sulfide (HgS) that is the principle ore (constituent) of mercury and is used as a pigment.

Coat of Arms
A Design on a shield that signifies a particular family, university, or city.

Color
In creating a handmade rug, one of the most important elements is color. Colors can be derived from natural dyes or made from synthetic dyes. All handmade rugs are identified by their background and border colors.

Color Symbolism
In the East colors have symbolic values. These traditional and religious meanings of colors sometimes affect the choice of colors used in handmade rugs. Green, for example, is considered to be a holy color by Muslims; therefore, until the end of 19th century, it was mainly used in prayer rugs.

Condition
This attribute specifies the condition of a rug from a quality point of view. The specific conditions in the handmade rug industry are Fine, Average and Worn.

Contemporary
Rugs less than 25 years old.

Cotton
The main material used in the foundation of handmade rugs.

Curvilinear
Patterns created with smooth curving lines.

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