For many centuries, the rugs of Morocco have been amongst the most sought after in the world. Dating back to ancient times, the varied geography of the country and nomadic nature of many of the tribes native to Morocco have seen the rugs become some of the most varied in terms of design and quality. During the 18th century, Moroccan rugs became popular with international traders, which saw the design of many of the rugs produced in the country change to become more international and take on the influences of neighboring countries. Moroccan rugs are created to a high quality which has allowed antique rugs and vintage versions of the rugs to become popular with collectors and interior designers around the world.
Perhaps some of the most famous rugs produced in Morocco are those created by the Berber tribe who moved around the country and needed rugs for various uses depending on their location. The Berber people would create rug type textiles that could be used as floor coverings, interior rugs, saddle blankets and clothing. With Morocco having a varied geography the need for changeable clothing and textiles was important, Morocco's landscape includes a large desert and cold mountains covered with snow for much of the year.
Throughout its history, Morocco has been an important trading center for North Africa and regions of Europe. Because of the varied traders who would purchase Moroccan rugs, the manufacturers in central Morocco began incorporating design influences asked for by traders looking for Turkish rug and African designs. As the trade in rug production grew across Morocco, the production of rugs began to shift to the Fez region where more than 3,000 design studios appeared by the 18th century, following the beginning of rug production in the region, which dated back to the 13th century.
With Fez, the main trading and production region for Moroccan rugs, the quality of textiles produced increased, as did the variations in design which make Moroccan rugs some of the most popular in the world. In the 20th and 21st centuries, the majority of interior designers have come to appreciate the quality and variations in design that have made modern rugs popular with some of the most famous designers in history. Famous Moroccan contemporary rug designers include Le Corbusier, with interior designers, including Frank Lloyd Wright using Moroccan area rugs in a large number of their designs.